Ron Paul

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Ronald Ernest Paul
U.S House of Representatives
Texas' 14th District
January 3, 1997—January 3, 2013
Predecessor: Greg Laughlin
Successor: Randy Weber
U.S. House of Representatives
Texas' 22nd District
January 3, 1979—January 3, 1985
Predecessor: Bob Gammage
Successor: Tom DeLay
U.S. House of Representatives
Texas' 22nd District
Predecessor: Bob Casey
Successor: Bob Gammage
Personal Details
Birth: (1935-08-20) August 20, 1935 (age 86)
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
Education: Gettysburg College
Duke University
Military: United States Air Force
Occupation: Author, Physician
Residence: Lake Jackson, Texas.
Party: Libertarian (1987—96; 2015—present)
Republican (prior to 1987; 1996—2015)
Facebook: Facebook
Twitter: Twitter
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Ronald Ernest Paul (b. August 20, 1935) is a retired politician, author, and physician living in Lake Jackson, Texas. He was previously a member of the United States House of Representatives, first elected in a special election to Texas' 22nd congressional district from 1976-1977, and again 1979-1985. Later he was elected to Texas' 14th congressional district from 1996 until his retirement in 2013.

Paul has run for president several times, launching his first campaign in 1988 as a Libertarian. He would run for president two more times in 2008 and 2012, seeking the Republican nomination both times.

During the 2016 US Presidential election, Ron Paul received a single Electoral College vote from a faithless elector from Texas, making him both the oldest person and the second Libertarian (after 1972 candidate John Hospers) to receive an electoral college vote for president.[1]


Early Life

Ron Paul was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. He graduated from Dormont High School, Dormont, Pennsylvania 1953. He received his B.A. from Gettysburg College (1957) and M.D. from Duke University School of Medicine (1961). He did his internship and residency training at Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, Michigan from 1961 to 1962. He was a flight surgeon in the United States Air Force from 1963 to 1965. He went on to do obstetrics and gynecology training at the University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania from 1965-1968. In 1968 he and his wife Carol moved to Surfside Beach, Texas.

Political Beginnings, 1st Term in Office (1974-1984)

He became a delegate to the Texas state Republican convention in 1974. He was an unsuccessful Republican candidate for election to Congress in 1974 against entrenched liberal Democrat Robert R. Casey. When Casey was appointed head of the Federal Maritime Commission by President Gerald Ford, a special election was held in April 1976 to replace him. Paul won that but lost six months later in the general election to Democrat Robert A. Gammage.

He went on to defeat Gammage in 1978, and would be re-elected in 1980 and 1982. He was the first Congressman to propose term limit legislation for the House of Representatives. In 1984, citing his term limits proposal, he did not seek reelection to the House, although he unsuccessfully contested the Republican primary for Senate. He was succeeded by Tom DeLay, a now disgraced Republican congressman. From 1985-1988 he returned to medical practice as an obstetrician and gynecologist.

Committee Assignments (1974-1984)

  • House Banking Committee

1988 Presidential Campaign

In 1988, Paul ran for president of the United States. Paul was nominated to run as the Libertarian Party Presidential candidate at the 1987 Libertarian National Convention. He placed third in the 1988 election, behind Republican nominee and Vice President George H. W. Bush and Democratic nominee Michael Dukakis.

1987 Libertarian Party National Convention

After receiving the Presidential candidate nomination from the Libertarian Party, Alaska State House Representative Andre Marrou was unanimously selected to be his running mate.


1987 Libertarian Party National Convention Nomination for President of the United States 1st Ballot (50% of Delegates needed to win)
Name Votes Percent
Ron Paul 196 51.31%
Russell Means 120 31.41%
James A. Lewis 49 12.83%
NOTA (write-in) 14 3.66%
Harry Glenn 3 0.79%


Presidential Election Year Fundraising


1988 Total
January 35,896
February 29,431
March 120,116
April 43,228
May 143,298
June 124,470
July 50,434
August 68,035
September 177,803
Oct 1 - Oct 20 98,394
Oct 21 - Nov 28 207,122
Nov 29 - Dec 31 11,156
1988 Total 1,109,383

Election Results

1988 United States Presidential election
Party Name/Running Mate Electoral Votes Percent Votes
Republican George H. W. Bush / Dan Quayle 426 53.37% 48,886,597
Democratic Michael Dukakis / Lloyd Bentsen 111 45.65% 41,809,476
Libertarian Ron Paul / Andre Marrou 0 0.47% 432,207
New Alliance Lenora Fulani / Joyce Dattner 0 0.24% 217,221
Populist David Duke / Floyd Parker 0 0.05% 47,004
Consumer/Progressive Eugene McCarthy / Florence Rice 0 0.03% 30,905
American Independent James Griffen / Charles Morsa 0 0.03% 27,818
Various All Others 0 0.16% 143,915

Return to the Republican Party, 2nd Term in Office (1996-2013)

In 1996, Paul was again elected to the House as a Republican. Mainstream Republican Party figures backed the incumbent, Greg Laughlin, a Democratic representative who had switched parties in the wake of the Republican takeover of Congress. Laughlin attempted to portray Paul's views as extreme and eccentric. However, Paul won the primary and went on to win the general election.

Leaders of the Texan Republican Party made similar efforts to defeat him in 1998, but he again won the primary and the election. The Republican congressional leadership then agreed to a compromise: Paul votes with the Republicans on procedural matters and remains nominally Republican in exchange for the committee assignments normally due according to his seniority. He was convincingly re-elected in 2000 and 2002. He was elected unopposed in 2004 to his ninth term in the Congress. He was a member of the Republican Liberty Caucus.

Committee Assignments (1996-2013)

Committee on Financial Services

  • Subcommittee on Domestic Monetary Policy and Technology (Chair)
  • Subcommittee on International Monetary Policy and Trade

Committee on Foreign Affairs

  • Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations

2008 Presidential Campaign

On March 2007, Paul launched his second campaign for President, seeking the Republican nomination.[4] His campaign raised over $20 million, one of the largest amounts raised of the Republican candidates.[5] Paul would finish with second highest number of delegate votes at the 2008 Republican National Convention, losing the nomination to John McCain.


2008 Republican Presidential Nomination for President of the United States
Name Percentage Votes
John McCain 98.44% 2,343
Ron Paul 0.88% 21
Delegates that did not vote 0.59% 14
Mitt Romney 0.08% 2


2012 Presidential Campaign

Ron Paul announced his third bid for President of the United States on May 13, 2011, again seeking the Republican nomination.[7] He would finish runner up at the 2012 Republican National Convention, losing the nomination to Mitt Romney.


2012 Republican Nomination for President of the United States
Name Percent Votes
Mitt Romney 90% 2061
Ron Paul 0.08% 190
Rick Santorum 0.04% 9
Others 0.01% 3

External Links


  • Gwynne, Sam (Oct. 1, 2001). Texas Monthly.
  • Bernstein, Alan (May 23, 1996). Newsletter excerpts offer ammunition to Paul's opponent; GOP hopeful quoted on race, crime. The Houston Chronicle, p. A33.


Preceded by:
David Bergland
Libertarian Party Presidential candidate
Succeeded by:
Andre Marrou