Libertarian Party US Presidential Election Results

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LP-presidential-results-graph-1972-to-2016.png

Overview

Since 1972, there have been 10 different Libertarian Presidential nominees, in 12 elections. (Two candidates were nominated twice.) In 1972, the LP's first Presidential candidate John Hospers received the first and only electoral vote in the party's history when one "faithless elector" voted for him. The first candidate to break the one percent mark was Ed Clark in 1980. This remained the best showing both as a percentage and in raw number of votes until 2012, when Gary Johnson became the first candidate to receive more than one million votes (but just shy of one percent). Running again in 2016, Gary Johnson then beat the previous record by both measures by a wide margin, receiving more than three percent and more than four million votes.

1972 Presidential Election

In 1972, the Libertarian Party was barely organized and was still in its infant stage. The Presidential nominee was John Hospers. The Vice-Presidential nominee was Tonie Nathan. The ticket was only on the ballot in 2 states and received one electoral vote from a faithless elector Roger MacBride in Virginia.

1976 Presidential Election

By 1976, the party had started to organize and was able to mount a more solid campaign for president. The nominee was Roger MacBride, the same faithless elector who voted for John Hospers in the last election. The Vice-Presidential nominee was David Bergland. The pair managed to gain ballot access in 32 states and was able to gain more than 100,000 votes, a milestone for the relatively new political party.

1980 Presidential Election

EdClark.jpg

The 1980 Presidential Election was another major milestone for the Libertarian Party. The Party nominated Ed Clark for President and David Koch for Vice-President. The campaign was largely self-financed and was able to run several national television advertisements. The ticket gained ballot access in all 50 states. In Alaska, the ticket gained 11.66% of the vote.

1984 Presidential Election

Bergland, David.jpg

At the 1984 National Convention, many Libertarians walked out, leading many to suspect the end of the party was near. As a result of the walkout, David Bergland was nominated for President and Jim Lewis was nominated for Vice-President. The ticket had ballot access in 36 states.

1988 Presidential Election

RonPaul2011.jpg

In a nomination contest that featured candidates with very different backgrounds and styles, and was also seen by some as a choice between presenting a "right" or "left" image, former Congressman Ron Paul was selected over American Indian activist Russell Means as the Presidential nominee for 1988. Andre Marrou, one of the few Libertarians who had been elected to a state legislature, was the Vice-Presidential nominee. The campaign raised over $2,000,000 and was on the ballot in 46 states.

1992 Presidential Election

Marrou-1988-Richmond.jpg

For the 1992 Election, the previous vice-presidential candidate and former Alaska legislator Andre Marrou was nominated as the Presidential Candidate. Nancy Lord was nominated as the Vice- Presidential Candidate. The ticket gained ballot access in all 50 states.[1]

1996 Presidential Election

HarryBrowne-LP.JPG

Harry Browne was the Presidential nominee in 1996 and his running mate was Jo Jorgensen. Partly due to personal financial support by the candidate, the campaign was able to get on the ballot in all 50 states.

2000 Presidential Election

HarryBrowne-LP.JPG

Harry Browne was re-nominated as the Presidential nominee in 2000 but chose Art Olivier as his running mate. The campaign had some controversy surrounding it after the National Director was found to have worked on the campaign in 1996 before Harry Browne's candidacy had been decided. The campaign nearly got on the ballot in all 50 states again but a split with the Arizona Libertarian Party caused Harry Browne to be replaced on the ticket with another Libertarian.

2004 Presidential Election

SI-MichaelBadnarik1 (allowed for open usage).JPG

At the 2004 Convention, the Presidential Nomination Election was very close. The race was between Michael Badnarik, Gary Nolan, and Aaron Russo. All three candidates were within 2% of each other for the first two ballots. However, Michael Badnarik made a surprising comeback and won the nomination. In a separate nomination, Richard Campagna was chosen as the vice-presidential nominee. During the election cycle, Badnarik raised over $1,000,000 and ran national television ads on CNN and Fox news. The ticket gained ballot access in 48 states but didn't gain access in New Hampshire or Oklahoma.

2008 Presidential Election

Bob Barr-2008.jpg

Bob Barr was nominated as the Presidential nominee in 2008 with Wayne Allyn Root nominated as the Vice-Presidential Candidate. The Barr campaign was expected to do very well but due to several factors such as Sarah Palin's nomination as McCain's VP, Ron Paul's dropping of his endorsement of Barr, and the campaign's lack of advertising. The campaign still raised nearly $1.4 million dollars but didn't get as many votes as many Libertarian Leaders felt it could have. The ticket was on the ballot in 44 states. Barr returned thereafter to the Republican Party.

2012 Presidential Election

Gary Johnson campaign portrait.jpg

Gary Johnson, former governor of New Mexico, was nominated in 2012, with Jim Gray as his running mate. The ticket was on the ballot in all but two states, and became the first to receive more than one million votes, and the first to break the record for that measure set 32 years earlier by Ed Clark.

2016 Presidential Election

Gary Johnson campaign portrait.jpg

Gary Johnson was nominated again in 2016, this time with William Weld as his running mate. This was seen by some as the LP's most "credible" national ticket ever, with both candidates being former governors, but others saw the inclusion of Weld as a dilution of the party's brand. For the first time since 2000, the LP had a presidential ticket on the ballot in all 50 states. In an election that was very close between front-runners Donald Trump and Hillary Clinton, but with many voters unhappy about that choice, the LP's team achieved a record-breaking three percent of the national vote, receiving the votes of almost 4.5 million people. William Weld was a controversial candidate due to a past broken promise with the Libertarian Party of New York and certain policy positions, particularly on gun control. During the campaign, he stated that "he was here to vouch for Hillary Clinton" causing some Party members to view that as an endorsement of an opponent. In 2019, Weld broke his promise that he would never switch to another party and re-registered with the Republican Party.

Presidential preference primaries

1988

North Dakota held an open primary with candidates of all parties on one ballot.

State Date Candidate Votes Percentage
ND June 14th Ron Paul 985 2.25%

1992

State Year Candidate Votes Percentage Notes
NH Feb. 18th Andre Marrou 3,388 100% Marrou received 100% of the Libertarian ballot votes(3,219), 99 Republican write-ins, and 70 Democrat write-ins.
State Date Candidate Votes Percentage
NE May 12th Andre Marrou 32 96.97%
NE May 12th Write-In 1 3.03%
State Date Candidate Votes Percentage
CA June 2nd Andre Marrou 15,002 99.92%
CA June 2nd Write-ins 12 0.08%

1996

State Date Candidate Votes Percentage Notes
NH Feb. 20th Harry Browne 653 40.48% Browne also received 1 write-in vote in the Republican primary.
NH Feb. 20th Irwin Schiff 336 20.83% Schiff also received 1 write-in vote in both the Republican and the Democrat primaries.
NH Feb. 20th Write-ins 624 38.69% 16 different candidates identified with other parties received write-in votes.
State Date Candidate Votes Percentage
ND Feb. 27th Harry Browne 147 100%
State Date Candidate Votes Percentage
SD Feb. 27th Harry Browne 325 65.39%
SD Feb. 27th Irwin Schiff 172 34.61%
State Date Candidate Votes Percentage
MA Mar. 5th Harry Browne 386 44.37%
MA Mar. 5th No Preference 237 27.24%
MA Mar. 5th Rick Tompkins 111 12.76%
MA Mar. 5th All Others 70 8.04%
MA Mar. 5th Irwin Schiff 66 7.59%
State Date Candidate Votes Percentage
IL Mar. 19th Harry Browne 1,278 73.96%
IL Mar. 19th Irwin Schiff 9,218 36.04%
State Date Candidate Votes Percentage
CA Mar. 26th Harry Browne 7,258 50.04%
CA Mar. 26th Rick Tompkins 3,400 23.44%
CA Mar. 26th Irwin Schiff 2,215 15.27%
CA Mar. 26th Douglass J. Ohmen 1,517 10.46%
CA Mar. 26th Write-ins 115 0.79%
State Date Candidate Votes Percentage
NE May 14th Harry Browne 129 84.31%
NE May 14th Write-Ins 24 15.69%

2000

State Date Candidate Votes Percentage
AZ Feb. 22nd Harry Browne 553 77.56%
AZ Feb. 22nd Larry Hines 97 13.60%
AZ Feb. 22nd David Hollist 63 8.84%

California's primary was open to Independents as well as registered Libertarians.

State Date Candidate Votes Percentage
CA Mar. 7th Harry Browne 20,825 62.22%
CA Mar. 7th Kip Lee 4,009 11.98%
CA Mar. 7th L. Neil Smith 3,165 9.46%
CA Mar. 7th Larry Hines 2,984 8.92%
CA Mar. 7th Dave Hollist 2,487 7.43%
State Date Candidate Votes Percentage
MO Mar. 7th Harry Browne 770 53.21%
MO Mar. 7th Uncommitted 365 25.22%
MO Mar. 7th Larry Hines 166 11.47%
MO Mar. 7th David Hollist 146 10.09%
State Date Candidate Votes Percentage
NE May 9th Harry Browne 140 97.22%
NE May 9th Write-Ins 4 2.78%

2004

State Date Candidate Votes Percentage
MO Feb. 3rd Gary Nolan 899 45.70%
MO Feb. 3rd Uncommitted 746 37.93%
MO Feb. 3rd Ruben Perez 167 8.49%
MO Feb. 3rd Jeffrey Diket 155 7.88%
State Date Candidate Votes Percentage
WI Feb. 17th Gary Nolan 1,491 43.22%
WI Feb. 17th Michael Badnarik 1,416 41.04%
WI Feb. 17th Uninstructed delegates 404 11.71%
WI Feb. 17th Write-ins 139 4.03%
State Date Candidate Votes Percentage
CA Mar. 2nd Gary Nolan 11,885 59.19%
CA Mar. 2nd Aaron Russo 4,858 24.20%
CA Mar. 2nd Michael Badnarik 3,335 16.61%
State Year Candidate Votes Percentage
MA Mar. 2nd Gary Nolan 292 27.97%
MA Mar. 2nd No Preference 230 22.03%
MA Mar. 2nd Write-ins 214 20.50%
MA Mar. 2nd Aaron Russo 106 10.15%
MA Mar. 2nd Michael Badnarik 82 7.85%
MA Mar. 2nd Jeffrey Diket 68 6.51%
MA Mar. 2nd Ruben Perez 52 4.98%
State Date Candidate Votes Percentage
NE May 11th Gary Nolan 116 71.60%
NE May 11th Michael Badnarik 46 28.40%

2008

State Year Candidate Votes Percentage
CA Feb. 5th Christine Smith 4,241 25.16%
CA Feb. 5th Steve Kubby 2,876 17.06%
CA Feb. 5th Wayne Root 2,360 14.00%
CA Feb. 5th Bob Jackson 1,486 8.81%
CA Feb. 5th Barry Hess 891 5.29%
CA Feb. 5th George Phillies 852 5.05%
CA Feb. 5th Michael P. Jingozian 774 4.59%
CA Feb. 5th Robert Milnes 721 4.28%
CA Feb. 5th Daniel Imperato 707 4.19%
CA Feb. 5th John Finan 706 4.19%
CA Feb. 5th Dave Hollist 678 4.02%
CA Feb. 5th Alden Link 565 3.35%
CA Feb. 5th Leon Ray (write-in) 1 0.01%
State Date Candidate Votes Percentage
MO Feb. 5th Uncommitted 967 47.01%
MO Feb. 5th Wayne A. Root 370 17.99%
MO Feb. 5th Steve Kubby 196 9.53%
MO Feb. 5th George Phillies 163 7.92%
MO Feb. 5th Dave Hollist 141 6.85%
MO Feb. 5th David Imperato 141 6.85%
MO Feb. 5th Michael P. Jingozian 79 3.84%

2012

State Date Candidate Votes Percentage
MO Feb. 7th James Ogle 483 52.84%
MO Feb. 7th Uncommitted 431 47.16%
State Date Candidate Votes Percentage
NE May 15th Gary Johnson 97 55.43%
NE May 15th Lee Wrights 23 13.14%
NE May 15th Roger Gar 18 10.29%
NE May 15th Carl Person 14 8.00%
NE May 15th RJ Harris 13 7.43%
NE May 15th Bill Still 10 5.71%
State Year Candidate Votes Percentage
CA June 5th Gary Johnson 6,780 49.98%
CA June 5th Barbara Joy Waymire 2,118 15.61%
CA June 5th Scott Keller 1,208 8.91%
CA June 5th R. J. Harris 670 4.94%
CA June 5th Bill Still 670 4.94%
CA June 5th Roger Gary 559 4.12%
CA June 5th James Ogle 558 4.11%
CA June 5th Carl Person 523 3.86%
CA June 5th Lee Wrights 479 3.53%

2016

Minnesota is a caucus state. The Libertarian Party of Minnesota held a caucus at the same time as those of the two establishment parties.

State Date Candidate Votes Percentage
MN Mar. 1st Gary Johnson 171 76%
MN Mar. 1st John McAfee 26 12%
MN Mar. 1st Austin Petersen 17 8%
MN Mar. 1st Darryl Perry 4 2%
MN Mar. 1st Cecil Ince 2 1%
MN Mar. 1st Steve Kerbel 2 1%
MN Mar. 1st None of the Above 2 1%
MN Mar. 1st Marc Allan Feldman 1 0%
MN Mar. 1st Shawna Joy Sterling 1 0%
State Date Candidate Votes Percentage
MO Mar. 15th Uncommitted 1,183 40.61%
MO Mar. 15th Austin Petersen 854 29.32%
MO Mar. 15th Steve Kerbel 401 13.77%
MO Mar. 15th Marc Allan Feldman 242 8.31%
MO Mar. 15th Cecil Ince 134 4.60%
MO Mar. 15th Rhett Smith 99 3.4%
State Year Candidate Votes Percentage
NC Mar. 15th Gary Johnson 2,414 41.48%
NC Mar. 15th No Preference 2,067 35.52%
NC Mar. 15th John Hale 329 5.65%
NC Mar. 15th Joy Waymire 268 4.61%
NC Mar. 15th Austin Petersen 189 3.25%
NC Mar. 15th Darryl Perry 118 2.03%
NC Mar. 15th Steve Kerbel 109 1.87%
NC Mar. 15th Derrick M. Reid 74 1.27%
NC Mar. 15th Cecil Ince 72 1.24%
NC Mar. 15th Jack Robinson, Jr. 70 1.20%
NC Mar. 15th Marc Feldman 66 1.13%
NC Mar. 15th Rhett Smith 43 0.74%
State Date Candidate Votes Percentage
NE May 10th Gary Johnson 379 52.71%
NE May 10th Austin Petersen 135 18.78%
NE May 10th John McAfee 123 17.11%
NE May 10th Marc Feldman 47 6.54%
NE May 10th Steve Kerbel 35 4.87%

The Libertarian Party of Oregon was not eligible to participate in state-run primaries and so held a party-run primary by mail-in ballot to be completed on the day of the establishment party primaries.

State Year Candidate Votes Percentage
OR May 27th Gary Johnson 422 57%
OR May 27th John McAfee 105 14%
OR May 27th Merry Susan Nehls 34 5%
OR May 27th Austin Petersen (write-in) 25 3%
OR May 27th Darryl Perry 21 3%
OR May 27th Keenan Dunham 18 2%
OR may 27th Derrick M. Reid 10 1%
OR May 27th Nathan Norman 8 1%
OR May 27th Rhett Smith 6 1%
OR May 27th NOTA (write-in) 2 0%
OR May 27th Other write-ins 91 12%
State Year Candidate Votes Percentage
CA June 7th Gary Johnson 19,294 61.87%
CA June 7th John McAfee 3,139 10.07%
CA June 7th Austin Petersen 1,853 5.94%
CA June 7th Rhett Smith 1,531 4.91%
CA June 7th Joy Waymire 932 2.99%
CA June 7th John Hale 873 2.80%
CA June 7th Marc Feldman 867 2.78%
CA June 7th Jack Robinson, Jr. 739 2.37%
CA June 7th Steve Kerbel 556 1.78%
CA June 7th Darryl Perry 521 1.67%
CA June 7th Derrick M. Reid 462 1.48%
CA June 7th Cecil Ince 417 1.34%

Results by state and candidate

1972
John Hospers /
Theodora Nathan
1976
Roger MacBride /
David Bergland
1980
Ed Clark /
David Koch
1984
David Bergland /
James Lewis
1988
Ron Paul /
Andre Marrou
1992
Andre Marrou /
Nancy Lord
1996
Harry Browne /
Jo Jorgensen
2000
Harry Browne /
Art Olivier
2004
Michael Badnarik /
Richard Campagna
2008
Bob Barr /
Wayne Allyn Root
2012
Gary Johnson /
Jim Gray
2016
Gary Johnson /
William Weld
Alabama 1,481
0.13%
13,318
0.99%
9,504
0.66%
8,460
0.61%
5,737
0.34%
5,290
0.34%
5,893
0.35%
3,529
0.19%
4,991
0.24%
12,328
0.59%
44,467
2.09%
Alaska 68
0.07%
6,785
5.49%
18,479
11.66%
6,378
3.07%
5,484
2.74%
1,378
0.53%
2,276
0.94%
2,636
0.92%
1,675
0.54%
1,589
0.49%
7,392
2.46%
18,725
5.88%
Arizona 7,647
1.03%
18,784
2.15%
10,585
1.03%
13,351
1.14%
6,759
0.46%
14,358
1.02%
*5,775
0.38%
11,856
0.59%
12,555
0.55%
32,100
1.39%
106,327
4.13%
Arkansas 8,970
1.07%
2,221
0.25%
3,297
0.40%
1,261
0.13%
3,076
0.35%
2,781
0.30%
2,352
0.22%
4,776
0.44%
16,276
1.52%
29,949
2.65%
California 980
0.01%
56,388
0.72%
148,390
1.73%
49,951
0.53%
70,105
0.71%
48,139
0.43%
73,600
0.73%
45,520
0.42%
50,165
0.40%
67,582
0.50%
143,221
1.10%
478,500
3.37%
Colorado 1,111
0.12%
5,338
0.49%
25,744
2.17%
11,257
0.87%
15,482
1.13%
8,669
0.55%
12,392
0.82%
12,799
0.73%
7,664
0.36%
10,898
0.45%
35,545
1.38%
144,121
5.18%
Connecticut 10
0.00%
209
0.02%
8,570
0.61%
204
0.01%
14,071
0.97%
5,391
0.33%
5,788
0.42%
3,484
0.24%
3,367
0.21%
12,580
0.81%
48,676
2.96%
Delaware 34
0.01%
1,974
0.84%
268
0.11%
1,162
0.47%
935
0.32%
2,052
0.76%
774
0.24%
586
0.16%
1,109
0.27%
3,882
0.94%
14,757
3.34%
D. C. 274
0.16%
1,104
0.63%
279
0.13%
554
0.29%
467
0.21%
588
0.32%
669
0.33%
502
0.22%
2,083
0.71%
4,906
1.58%
Florida 39
0.00%
103
0.00%
30,524
0.83%
754
0.02%
19,796
0.46%
15,079
0.28%
23,965
0.45%
16,415
0.28%
11,996
0.16%
17,218
0.21%
44,726
0.53%
207,043
2.20%
Georgia 23
0.00%
175
0.01%
15,627
0.98%
159
0.01%
8,435
0.47%
7,110
0.31%
17,870
0.78%
36,332
1.40%
18,387
0.56%
28,731
0.73%
45,324
1.16%
125,306
3.05%
Hawaii 3,923
1.35%
3,269
1.08%
2,167
0.65%
1,999
0.56%
1,119
0.30%
2,493
0.69%
1,477
0.40%
1,377
0.32%
1,314
0.29%
3,840
0.88%
15,954
3.72%
Idaho 3,558
1.04%
8,425
1.93%
2,823
0.69%
5,313
1.30%
1,167
0.24%
3,325
0.68%
3,488
0.70%
3,844
0.64%
3,658
0.56%
9,453
1.45%
28,331
4.10%
Illinois 46
0.00%
8,057
0.17%
38,939
0.82%
10,086
0.21%
14,944
0.33%
9,218
0.18%
22,548
0.52%
11,623
0.25%
32,442
0.62%
19,642
0.36%
56,229
1.07%
209,596
3.79%
Indiana 19,627
0.88%
6,741
0.30%
7,936
0.34%
15,632
0.73%
15,530
0.71%
18,058
0.73%
29,257
1.06%
50,111
1.91%
133,993
4.90%
Iowa 1,454
0.11%
13,123
1.00%
1,844
0.14%
2,494
0.20%
1,076
0.08%
2,315
0.19%
3,209
0.24%
2,992
0.20%
4,590
0.30%
12,926
0.82%
59,186
3.78%
Kansas 3,242
0.34%
14,470
1.48%
3,329
0.33%
12,553
1.26%
4,314
0.37%
4,557
0.42%
4,525
0.42%
4,013
0.34%
6,706
0.54%
20,456
1.76%
55,406
4.68%
Kentucky 814
0.07%
5,531
0.43%
3
0.00%
2,118
0.16%
4,513
0.30%
4,009
0.29%
2,896
0.19%
2,619
0.15%
5,989
0.33%
17,063
0.95%
53,752
2.79%
Louisiana 3,134
0.25%
8,240
0.53%
1,876
0.11%
4,115
0.25%
3,155
0.18%
7,499
0.42%
2,951
0.17%
2,781
0.14%
18,157
0.91%
37,978
1.87%
Maine 1
0.00%
12
0.00%
5,119
0.98%
3
0.00%
2,700
0.49%
1,681
0.25%
2,996
0.49%
3,074
0.47%
1,965
0.27%
251
0.03%
9,352
1.31%
38,105
5.09%
Maryland 255
0.02%
14,192
0.92%
5,721
0.34%
6,748
0.39%
4,715
0.24%
8,765
0.49%
5,310
0.26%
6,094
0.26%
9,842
0.37%
30,195
1.12%
79,605
2.86%
Massachusetts 43
0.00%
135
0.01%
22,038
0.87%
24,251
0.92%
9,021
0.32%
20,426
0.80%
16,366
0.61%
15,022
0.52%
13,189
0.43%
30,920
0.98%
138,018
4.15%
Michigan 54
0.00%
5,407
0.15%
41,597
1.06%
10,055
0.26%
18,336
0.50%
10,175
0.24%
27,670
0.72%
16,711
0.39%
10,552
0.22%
23,716
0.47%
7,774
0.16%
172,136
3.59%
Minnesota 35
0.00%
3,529
0.18%
31,593
1.54%
2,996
0.14%
5,109
0.24%
3,374
0.14%
8,271
0.38%
5,282
0.22%
4,639
0.16%
9,174
0.32%
35,098
1.20%
112,972
3.84%
Mississippi 2,606
0.34%
4,702
0.53%
2,336
0.25%
3,329
0.36%
2,154
0.22%
2,809
0.31%
2,009
0.20%
1,793
0.16%
2,529
0.20%
6,676
0.52%
14,435
1.19%
Missouri 25
0.00%
179
0.01%
14,422
0.69%
434
0.02%
7,497
0.31%
10,522
0.49%
7,436
0.32%
9,831
0.36%
11,386
0.39%
43,151
1.56%
97,359
3.47%
Montana 40
0.01%
9,825
2.70%
5,185
1.35%
5,047
1.38%
986
0.24%
2,526
0.62%
1,718
0.42%
1,733
0.38%
1,355
0.28%
14,165
2.93%
28,037
5.67%
Nebraska 1,476
0.24%
9,041
1.41%
2,079
0.32%
2,534
0.38%
1,344
0.18%
2,792
0.41%
2,245
0.32%
2,041
0.26%
2,740
0.34%
11,109
1.40%
38,946
4.61%
Nevada 1,519
0.75%
4,358
1.79%
2,292
0.80%
3,520
1.01%
1,835
0.36%
4,460
0.96%
3,311
0.54%
3,176
0.38%
4,263
0.44%
10,968
1.08%
37,384
3.32%
New Hampshire 142
0.04%
936
0.28%
2,064
0.54%
735
0.19%
4,502
1.00%
3,548
0.66%
4,237
0.85%
2,757
0.48%
372
0.05%
2,217
0.31%
8,212
1.16%
30,777
4.20%
New Jersey 89
0.00%
9,449
0.31%
20,652
069%
6,416
0.20%
8,421
0.27%
6,822
0.20%
14,763
0.48%
6,312
0.20%
4,514
0.12%
8,441
0.22%
21,045
0.58%
72,477
1.87%
New Mexico 1,110
0.27%
4,365
0.96%
4,459
0.87%
3,268
0.63%
1,615
0.28%
2,996
0.54%
2,058
0.34%
2,382
0.31%
2,428
0.29%
27,788
3.55%
74,541
9.34%
New York 6
0.00%
12,197
0.19%
52,648
0.85%
11,949
0.18%
12,109
0.19%
13,451
0.19%
12,220
0.19%
7,649
0.11%
11,607
0.16%
19,596
0.26%
47,256
0.67%
176,598
2.29%
North Carolina 2,219
0.13%
9,677
0.52%
3,794
0.17%
1,263
0.06%
5,171
0.20%
8,740
0.35%
12,307
0.42%
11,731
0.34%
25,722
0.60%
44,515
0.99%
130,126
2.74%
North Dakota 256
0.09%
3,743
1.24%
703
0.23%
1,315
0.44%
416
0.14%
847
0.32%
660
0.23%
851
0.27%
1,354
0.43%
5,231
1.62%
21,434
6.22%
Ohio 8,952
0.22%
49,033
1.14%
5,886
0.13%
11,989
0.27%
7,252
0.15%
12,851
0.28%
13,475
0.29%
14,676
0.26%
19,917
0.35%
49,493
0.89%
174,498
3.17%
Oklahoma 13,828
1.20%
9,066
0.72%
6,261
0.53%
4,486
0.32%
5,505
0.46%
6,602
0.53%
83,481
5.75%
Oregon 85
0.01%
464
0.05%
25,838
2.19%
376
0.03%
14,811
1.23%
4,277
0.29%
8,903
0.65%
7,447
0.49%
7,260
0.40%
7,635
0.42%
24,089
1.35%
94,231
4.71%
Pennsylvania 8
0.00%
73
0.00%
33,263
0.73%
6,982
0.14%
12,051
0.27%
21,477
0.43%
28,000
0.62%
11,248
0.23%
21,185
0.37%
19,912
0.33%
49,991
0.87%
146,715
2.40%
Rhode Island 2
0.00%
715
0.17%
2,458
0.59%
277
0.07%
825
0.20%
571
0.13%
1,109
0.28%
742
0.18%
907
0.21%
1,382
0.29%
4,388
0.98%
14,746
3.18%
South Carolina 53
0.01%
4,807
0.54%
4,359
0.45%
4,935
0.50%
2,719
0.23%
4,271
0.37%
4,876
0.35%
3,608
0.22%
7,283
0.38%
16,321
0.83%
49,204
2.34%
South Dakota 1,619
0.54%
3,824
1.17%
1,060
0.34%
814
0.24%
1,472
0.45%
1,662
0.53%
964
0.25%
1,835
0.48%
5,795
1.59%
20,850
5.63%
Tennessee 1
0.00%
1,375
0.09%
7,116
0.44%
3,072
0.18%
2,041
0.12%
1,847
0.09%
5,020
0.27%
4,284
0.21%
4,866
0.20%
8,547
0.33%
18,623
0.76%
70,397
2.81%
Texas 394
0.01%
575
0.01%
37,643
0.83%
30,355
0.56%
19,699
0.32%
20,256
0.36%
23,160
0.36%
38,787
0.52%
56,116
0.69%
88,580
1.11%
283,492
3.16%
Utah 19
0.00%
2,438
0.45%
7,156
1.18%
2,447
0.39%
7,473
1.16%
1,900
0.26%
4,129
0.62%
3,616
0.47%
3,375
0.36%
6,966
0.73%
12,572
1.24%
39,608
3.50%
Vermont 4
0.00%
1,900
0.89%
1,002
0.43%
1,000
0.41%
501
0.17%
1,183
0.46%
784
0.27%
1,102
0.35%
1,067
0.33%
3,487
1.17%
10,078
3.20%
Virginia 4,648
0.27%
12,821
0.69%
8,336
0.38%
5,730
0.22%
9,174
0.38%
15,198
0.55%
11,032
0.34%
11,067
0.30%
31,216
0.81%
118,274
2.97%
Washington 1,537
0.10%
5,042
0.32%
29,213
1.68%
8,844
0.47%
17,240
0.92%
7,533
0.33%
12,522
0.56%
13,135
0.53%
11,955
0.42%
12,728
0.42%
42,202
1.35%
160,879
4.85%
West Virginia 17
0.00%
4,356
0.59%
6
0.00%
28
0.00%
1,873
0.27%
3,062
0.48%
1,912
0.30%
1,405
0.19%
6,302
0.94%
23,004
3.23%
Wisconsin 101
0.01%
3,814
0.18%
29,135
1.28%
4,884
0.22%
5,157
0.24%
2,877
0.11%
7,929
0.36%
6,640
0.26%
6,464
0.22%
8,858
0.30%
20,439
0.67%
106,674
3.58%
Wyoming 89
0.06%
4,514
2.55%
2,357
1.25%
2,026
1.15%
844
0.42%
1,739
0.82%
1,443
0.66%
1,171
0.48%
1,594
0.63%
5,326
2.14%
13,287
5.19%
Total 4,819
0.01%
173,819
0.21%
920,049
1.06%
228,710
0.25%
432,207
0.47%
291,627
0.28%
485,798
0.50%
*390,206
0.37%
397,265
0.32%
523,715
0.40%
1,275,971
0.99%
4,489,341
3.29%
No Ballot Access Write In
  • L Neil Smith was listed as the Libertarian candidate on the ballot in Arizona in place of Harry Browne in 2000. The total includes votes for L Neil Smith.

Guam (Results don't count because Guam has no electoral votes)

1972
John Hospers /
Theodora Nathan
1976
Roger MacBride /
David Bergland
1980
Ed Clark /
David Koch
1984
David Bergland /
James Lewis
1988
Ron Paul /
Andre Marrou
1992
Andre Marrou /
Nancy Lord
1996
Harry Browne /
Jo Jorgensen
2000
Harry Browne /
Art Olivier
2004
Michael Badnarik /
Richard Campagna
2008
Bob Barr /
Wayne Allyn Root
2012
Gary Johnson /
Jim Gray
2016
Gary Johnson /
William Weld
Guam                No election No election 203
0.81%
137
0.51%
129
0.53%
116
0.67%
498
1.54%
420
1.20%
67
0.20%
214
0.66%
351
1.12%
Not on ballot

References

  1. November 5, 1992 email from Joe Dehn to Libernet on Marrou election results