Minutes of the Meeting of the
Libertarian National Committee
8-9 December 1990
White Plains, New York
Chair Dave Walter
Vice-Chair Mary T. Gingell
Secretary Joseph W. Dehn III
Treasurer Stephen R. Fielder
At Large I. Dean Ahmad
Toni L. Black
Norma D. Segal
Region 1 Karen Allard
Region 2 Geoffrey J. Neale
Region 3 Stephen L. Dasbach
Region 4 Ron Crickenberger
Region 5 Clifford F. Thies
Region 6 Vicki Kirkland
Region 7 Steven I. Givot
Region 8 Gary Johnson
1. CALL TO ORDER: The regular meeting of the Libertarian National
Committee was called to order by Chair Dave Walter at 9:15am on
Saturday, 8 December 1990, at the White Plains Hotel in White Plains,
2. CREDENTIALS: Dehn reported that there had been no change in the
membership of the Committee since the last meeting.
3. APPROVAL OF PREVIOUS MINUTES: Due to the late distribution of the
minutes, Ahmad moved that this item be deferred to Sunday morning;
there was no objection.
4. SETTING OF THE AGENDA: Walter moved to add a presentation by the
Marrou for President campaign as item 10A for 45 minutes; there was no
Ahmad moved to consider the Budget as item 24A rather than at the end
of the meeting; the motion passed on a voice vote.
Gingell moved to add a question and answer session on the MKR proposal
as item 12A for 10 minutes; there was no objection.
Kirkland moved to add 5 minutes to her regional report to allow W.
Gary Johnson of New York to speak, and to allow 5 minutes at the end
of the meeting for another individual from New York to speak; there
was no objection.
Ahmad moved to expand the time for the Management Committee Report to
30 minutes; there was no objection.
Crickenberger move to add 5 minutes to his regional report to discuss
the Georgia lawsuit against PBS, and Thies moved to add 5 minutes to
his regional report to discuss a matter relating to the state chair of
Delaware; there were no objections.
Fielder moved to reduce the time for all items by 25 percent. The
motion failed on a voice vote.
5. CHECK OF PAPERWORK: Walter reviewed the paperwork that had been
distributed up to that point.
6. CHAIR'S REPORT: Walter reviewed the accomplishments of the Party
during 1990. He described the growth during the year as moderately
successful, but noted that some states actually lost members despite
the efforts at the national level. He said the 1990 election results
were the best ever, but that we would have done even better if we had
had the enthusiasm of the early 1980s. He speculated that our
increased success and the fact that Libertarians held the "balance of
power" in various races would lead to more opposition to our ballot
access efforts, but said that we still had not reached the threshold
where we can keep the attention of the major media.
He said the goal for 1991 is to get ready for 1992, and for 1992 to be
the balance of power in enough races to make the media pay attention.
He reviewed the results of some particular 1990 races and
congratulated those states which had made important contributions to
achieving or maintaining ballot status.
He commented on the financial crunch in the second half, noting that
although we had more contributors they were each giving less, and said
we need to get our fundraising back on track.
He said this LNC was the best ever, citing its smaller size as the
probable reason, and noted the increased activity of all the
He expressed concern about the lack of growth of some of the affiliate
parties which had not kept pace with the overall trend.
Assistant to the Chair Don Ernsberger presented a strategic view of
the Party. He characterized the team put together at the 1989
convention as probably the most efficient that the LP had had since
the Clark campaign. He said that in 1989 it was clear that the focus
had to be on building the infrastructure of the Party, to pursue
programs of aggressive finance and aggressive outreach, and to
establish a pattern of steady growth to replace the "rollercoaster" we
had in previous years. He said that 1991 is the time when, all these
things being in place, we should be "gearing up", but questioned
whether we were ready.
He said that the mid-year halt in membership growth and the increased
difficulty in fundraising made 1990 like two different years, and
focussed on lack of "aggressiveness" in fundraising and outreach as
the problem. Displaying graphs of monthly revenue, he cited in
particular the failure of the Liberty Pledge program and telephone
fundraising to meet expectations, and said there were also problems
with dues income. He said there had been ambitious plans for outreach
but that they had not been implemented.
There was a general discussion of possible causes for the increased
difficulty of fundraising in the second half. Reasons proposed
included: competition from campaign fundraising, lack of "fresh" lists
to work, softness in the economy, and lack of positive public exposure
(such as that provided earlier by the convention TV coverage). In
reply to a question about cycles, Ernsberger said that performance
since the last presidential election has been atypical: instead of a
drop in membership and a buildup in debt, we have grown and stayed out
of debt, and while December has traditionally been the worst month for
fundraising, December 1989 was great.
7. VICE-CHAIR'S REPORT: Gingell submitted a written report [Attachment
She reported that there was an error in a fundraising letter that had
just gone out -- once writein votes were counted, Richard Shepard of
Washington had not come in second in his race for the state
legislature -- but that the letter had already been approved and
prepared before this information became known.
She announced that an anti-war demonstration would be taking place at
the Waldorf Astoria on Sunday evening.
She also announced that she would be moving back to California by the
end of the year.
8. TREASURER'S REPORT: Fielder submitted a written report covering the
period through 30 November [Attachment R]. In reply to questions from
Thies, he said that delays in preparation of financial reports had
been due to personal problems which would not be a factor in the
future, and that a positive cash position had been maintained despite
the revenue shortfall because the Executive Committee had taken steps
to cut expenses. Ernsberger remarked that the biweekly meetings of
the Executive Committee have enabled the Party to react much more
quickly than in the past to changes in our financial situation.
In response to questions from O'Brien about preparation of additional
reports to show month-to-month trends and seasonal cycles, Fielder
said that the office was too busy to do that but that the numbers are
in a spreadsheet.
There was a discussion of accounting for Ballot Access Committee
finances and the need to separately report BAC transactions for FEC
purposes. Dunbar said that although we have not been getting reports,
the information is in the computer.
Fielder reported that we had received a communication from the FEC
regarding a complaint filed by Alan Lindsay against people in
Washington State, and recommended that we hire an attorney to
represent us in this matter. He reported that he would be sending a
reply to the FEC indicating that we had filed the reports we were
required to during that period.
Givot said that it was important for us to understand the allegations
in this case, so as to avoid problems with future conventions.
Givot moved to obtain an attorney to represent us in this case pro
bono, or for a fee if necessary. There was a discussion of who might
be able to do this work, given the specialized nature of campaign
Thies moved to delete "or for a fee if necessary", arguing that we
should not be spending money on this at a point when we have not been
charged with anything.
There was a discussion of various aspects of the allegations. Ahmad
observed that it was important to have signed contracts for convention
arrangements to make relationships clear.
Thies' amendment passed on a vote of 7 to 6. The main motion passed
on a voice vote.
9. EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE REPORT: In response to a question from Redpath,
Walter said that major topics addressed by the Executive Committee
since the last LNC meeting included cutting of expenses and the
decision not to move the office. In response to a question from Givot,
Thies indicated that there had been some people willing to pledge for
purchase of a building, and that such a project should be pursued
again in a few years.
10. HEADQUARTERS REPORT: Dunbar said that the experience of searching
for a new office helped him understand what was needed, and said he
would be asking for some money to fix up the current office. He said
improvements were being made in the computer system, and that the
computers and workloads would be rearranged as part of fixing up the
He noted a problem with processing BAC pledgers and said it would be
resolved by the January cycle.
He reported that he is negotiating with an outside company to broker
rentals of our mailing list.
In reply to a question from Crickenberger, Dunbar said that some BAC
pledges had not been collected. He said the system was unable to deal
with people who were making pledges both to the general fund and for
ballot access, and that he would be contacting the people involved to
resolve the problem. Redpath noted that the number of BAC pledgers was
much lower than previously, and said that he would go back and contact
everyone who had lapsed.
There was a discussion of accounting for services provided to the BAC
by the office, so that the BAC can either pay for them or show them as
an in-kind contribution from the LNC on its FEC reports.
Givot said that all the BAC accounting functions had been moved to the
office for better coordination, but now the reporting situation seemed
to be even worse than before. He said that the number of transactions
was small enough that they could do the job by hand, and suggested
that if this arrangement did not work we should consider merging the
BAC back into the LNC even though that might require us to file FEC
reports on everything.
Redpath said that he viewed the office as the proper place to do the
BAC accounting. In response to a question from Dasbach, Dunbar said
that the holdup in getting proper reports was due to the time
necessary to set up the accounts properly, and suggested that Redpath,
Ahmad, and others come help him set things up.
Walter and Givot remarked on the apparent simplicity of the task, and
said it was the responsiblity of the BAC chair to see that the job
gets done even if it has to be done on paper. Redpath said he would
personally go to the office and see that the situation is resolved.
10A. MARROU FOR PRESIDENT: Michael Emerling introduced Andre Marrou.
Marrou commented on progress in the North Carolina ballot drive, on
the November election results, and on the issues he expected to be
important in the 1992 presidential election.
Jim Lewis spoke about his experience in doing outreach at colleges and
the importance of using the campaign to let new people know about
libertarianism. He described the Marrou effort as a "two year
campaign", with much that can be done even before the nomination, and
outlined some features of their plans including the Liberty First
newsletter and the possibility of running TV commercials prior to the
Emerling commented on the error that had been made in describing the
rules for matching funds, and encouraged anyone who had complaints or
suggestions about the campaign to contact them.
Marrou presented and signed three pledges relating to use of matching
funds for TV [Attachment S], ownership of new names generated by the
campaign [Attachment T], and auditing of the campaign books
In response to various questions, Marrou said that he would rather
there be no matching funds system, that he intends for the 1992
presidential and vice-presidential candidates to run a coordinated
campaign, and that his contribution forms have a place for people to
check off that they don't want their contributions matched. He said
that he considers matching funds to be "stolen loot", and that it
would be impossible for the recovery of matching funds to exceed the
amount paid by Libertarians in taxes.
Ahmad objected to the idea that the Libertarians who paid taxes could
be presumed to authorize the spending of that money on Marrou TV
commercials, and said it looks bad for us to be using tax funds at the
same time as we are campaigning that if elected we will be returning
taxes to the people.
In response to questions from Ernsberger, Emerling said he was looking
into having the campaign sign a contract with the LNC, and Marrou
explained that he currently has three separate committees: Marrou for
President, the 1988 vice-presidential committee, and 51-'92.
In response to a question from Dunbar, Marrou said that if he does not
get the nomination the funds raised will be used for some Libertarian
In response to a question from Thies about the possibilities of
getting additional matching funds by achieving 5% of the vote, and of
Marrou being the candidate again in 1996, Marrou indicated that it was
too early to say.
In response to questions from Givot about making the books of 51-'92
available for audit, Emerling said that any contributor who comes to
Las Vegas can look at them. In response to a question from Ahmad
about the amounts involved, Emerling said that about $106,000 had been
raised since the beginning, about $29,000 of that in the current year,
and that there was a balance of about $4,000.
11. RESOLUTION CLEANUP: Dasbach asked for a sense of the Committee on
whether the standing resolutions should be reorganized by topic into
something like the Bylaws; there was general support for the idea.
Ahmad said that he thought this was something that the Management
Committee should do, and that he would take on the project.
Dasbach moved to delete Resolution 353, concerning relocation and/or
purchase of the national office, on the grounds that if we want to
authorize such action in the future we might want to specify different
criteria. The motion passed on a voice vote.
[The meeting was recessed at 12:30pm and was called back to order at
1:33pm by Dave Walter.]
11A. FREE MARKET FOUNDATION -- USSR: Alexander moved to suspend the
rules to hear from Victor Davidoff; there was no objection. Perry
Willis introduced Davidoff.
Davidoff said he was pleased to be the first Russian to speak to the
LNC. He said that people in the Soviet Union are sick of socialism and
receptive to libertarian ideas. He said he is going back to the Soviet
Union in May, and that the FMF-USSR provides a great opportunity for
libertarians around the world to help. He said that anti-communist
activists still faced the possibility of persecution, citing various
cases of repression. He asked that Libertarians write letters in
support of those who share our values, especially freedom of speech.
12. MANAGEMENT COMMITTEE REPORT: Ahmad submitted a written committee
report [Attachment B] and a headquarters operations audit report
[Attachment V], and summarized the findings of his audit.
There was a discussion of whether or not we should be sending thank
you notes to contributors. Ernsberger reported that comments had been
received from contributors asking why we are wasting money on them.
Arguments in favor of sending them included: people expect them, even
if they don't say so; other organizations appear to consider them
worthwhile; they provide an additional contact with the contributor.
Arguments against included: more negative comments than positive from
contributors; very few resulted directly in another contribution.
Other suggestions included: providing a box for the contributor to
check off whether he or she wants to get a note, and saying thank you
by stamping the contributor's check.
In response to questions about smoke damage to the computers, Dunbar
said that smoking and non-smoking are both allowed everywhere in the
office, and that while Ahmad and John Famularo both think that smoke
may be causing computer problems, he thinks that dust from paper is a
larger problem. He said he is looking into providing a more
controlled environment for the computers.
In response to a question from Dasbach about candidates not getting
the lists they need, Ahmad said this was a case of the national and
state parties pointing their fingers at each other, requiring the
attention of the Affiliate Parties Committee.
In response to a question about use of volunteers, Ahmad said that
there is a volunteer program but it needs to be strengthened to the
point that people are always dropping by and available when work needs
to be done. Dunbar said that when there is a project to be done enough
volunteers can be rounded up, but that a four-day work week with later
hours might help encourage more volunteers to drop by. Various people
suggested other schedules.
12A. MKR PROPOSAL: Gingell presented Me Me King to answer questions
about the proposal of MKR Associates to perform work on a contract
basis for various committees.
Johnson asked where they would be working and how much time they would
be spending, citing concern about their availability for media
relations work. King said that they would work at their own offices,
that the amount of time was not specified and they would probably be
working on different things different weeks, but that they would be
In response to a question from Fielder, King said that for their
entire proposal the cost would be $44,000 plus 15% of gross, plus
13. AFFILIATE PARTIES COMMITTEE REPORT: Gingell circulated summaries
of two proposals for APC contract work [Attachment W], and pointed out
that there was also a related proposal from Tonie Nathan to the Media
She submitted a written report [Attachment C], and highlighted her
appointment of Dasbach as APC Vice-Chair, Marla Bottemiller's
assumption of the role of telephone tree manager, and the publication
of a new edition of the activist directory.
In response to a question from Ahmad about the status of the
contractor proposals, Gingell said that decisions about most of them
would not be made at this meeting.
There was a discussion of the effectiveness of the telephone tree,
with several people questioning how many activists it really reaches;
lack of participation in Taxpayer Action Day was cited as evidence
that the messages are not getting through. Gingell said that 20 to 30
states were definitely contacted, and that for any given project it is
likely that no more than 20 states will respond.
Givot suggested that, given our limited resources, higher priority
should be given to directly building the state parties rather than
encouraging projects that lead people off in different directions.
Gingell said that trying to build state parties before they are ready
to grow did not work, and that the survey of already organized parties
showed they considered help with organizing lower priority than other
things. O'Brien commented that there was increasing resistance to
doing protests since they have become too commonplace.
14. AFFILIATE CAMPAIGNS SUBCOMMITTEE REPORT: Dasbach submitted a
written report of Campaign '90 Highlights [Attachment D] and an
analysis of 1992 U.S. Senate and House races [Attachment X]. He noted
that we had much more information about our candidates this time than
two years ago. He said that we know how to fix problems that arose in
operation of the Libertarian Election Service for 1992, except for the
biggest problem: that many states are not bothering to report results
on election night.
He said that election results were much better than last time, often
twice as high.
He said that the money raised for state legislative races was targeted
as well as it could have been given what we knew then; there were no
better opportunities. He recommended keeping the same basic criteria,
but also paying more attention to polling information, general level
of Libertarian support in an area, and the success of local
fundraising. Thies commented that attempts to unseat an incumbent were
not worth pursuing unless the incumbent had been elected by only a
small margin or had a big ethics problem.
Dasbach said that in the next cycle we should focus on four things:
(1) winnable races for non-partisan office, (2) getting someone to
work with legislative candidates, (3) expanding the number of federal
candidates, (4) conducting candidate training workshops. He proposed
that we budget for staff to research "talking points" on issues that
candidates could use, as well as other training materials and the cost
of mailing these things to candidates.
Ernsberger noted that although 1982 was our peak year in terms of
number of candidates, the vote percentages now are much higher, but
only a handful of states have consistently run full slates over the
years. He also said that few candidates have provided lists of
prospects from their campaigns.
15. REGIONAL REPRESENTATIVE REPORTS: Walter asked that Regional
Representatives concentrate on telling us how things look for next
year, rather than repeating what is in their written reports.
Allard (Region 1) distributed an updated version of her report
[Attachment Y] and reviewed highlights from it.
Neale (Region 2) submitted a written report [Attachment Z]. He noted
that there has been conflict within California about the role of the
state Executive Committee, and that state membership has been lagging
behind national. He said they were studying the candidates who were
elected to local office and that the main factor in their success
appeared to be money.
Dasbach (Region 3) submitted a written report [Attachment E] and
reviewed highlights from it.
Crickenberger (Region 4) submitted a written report [Attachment AA].
He said there are three types of state chairs: ones who are gung-ho
and know what they are doing, ones that are gung-ho but don't know
what to do, and ones who don't know why they are chair. He said
Georgia would probably need help with expenses for an appeal in their
public television debate lawsuit.
Thies (Region 5) submitted a written report [Attachment F]. He said
that petition signatures for 1992 had been filed in Maryland, and that
a change of our nominating convention from 1995 to 1996 would cause
ballot access problems for New Jersey. He described a letter sent by
the Delaware state chair to Joe Trollinger, a member in Alabama; the
letter contained vulgarities prompted by Trollinger's mention of God
in an earlier communication. Thies suggested that party officers have
an obligation to stay in office rather than allow people who will act
this way to take over, and said that even though we cannot interfere
in the affairs of an affiliate party we should take steps to
disassociate ourselves from this state chair.
Kirkland (Region 6) submitted a written report [Attachment BB]. W.
Gary Johnson, 1990 candidate for Governor of New York, presented a
review of his campaign and reported that for the first time New York
City Libertarians were permitted to examine canvass sheets at police
headquarters. He said that Lenora Fulani, who campaigned full time and
spent about $100,000, got only about 6,000 more votes than he did
spending about $10,000.
Givot (Region 7) summarized the status of the state parties in his
region. He said the Kansas party was disappointed about the apparent
failure of their ballot drive, and that the Illinois party was "down
in the dumps" because of not getting on the ballot this year and the
court ruling against a tax limitation initiative.
Johnson (Region 8) submitted a written report [Attachment CC] and
reviewed highlights from it.
Walter said that these were the best regional reports he had seen, and
noted that everyone seemed to know what was going on in their states.
He proposed that we allow five minutes each for discussion of three
action items that had come up during the reports.
[Gingell assumed the chair.]
Allard reviewed the history of the incorporation of the Alaska LP as
"ALP Inc." due to the prior incorporation by another group using the
name "Libertarian Party of Alaska, Inc."; the Alaska LP has requested
documentation from the national LP that they are the real affiliate.
Ahmad moved to affirm that ALP Inc. is the affiliate. Givot moved to
substitute that we ask both groups for information and let the
Executive Committee decide between them. Gingell noted that our
records of state party officers show that the current chair of ALP
Inc. is the successor of the person who was chair prior to either
incorporation. Ahmad noted that the delegates selected by ALP Inc.
had been seated at the last convention with no objection.
[Walter resumed the chair.]
Givot said he was uncomfortable deciding without more information.
Allard moved to postpone consideration to tomorrow and try to get more
information. Andre Marrou was allowed to address the Committee, and
said that "ALP" was the historical name used by the Alaska party and
that ALP Inc. is the true successor organization. Allard withdrew her
motion to postpone, and Givot withdrew his motion to substitute. The
main motion passed unanimously.
Dasbach said that the Georgia lawsuit situation shows that we need to
allow room in the budget for miscellaneous legal action. Redpath
suggested deferring discussion until after making a decision about
holding a convention in 1996, since that would lead to many other
Givot moved that we pay for the legal expenses so far, approximately
$600. Dehn said that this would be setting a precedent that we might
not want to set, and that we shouldn't necessarily be paying the whole
O'Brien moved to postpone until discussion of the budget; the motion
failed on a voice vote. The main motion failed on a voice vote.
Dasbach noted that although he supported paying for taking this case
to the Supreme Court, he voted no at this time because there is no
money in the 1990 budget for it.
Robert Creager (Region 5 alternate, temporarily substituting for
Thies) moved to instruct the Secretary to send a letter to Joe
Trollinger from the LNC saying that "the Libertarian National
Committee totally disagrees with Larry Sullivan's opinions about
religious people and his vulgar expression of his opinions. We welcome
the participation of all people, religious as well as non-religious,
sharing the Libertarian non-aggression principle. We believe your
reaction to Sullivan's vulgarity demonstrates that you share our
socially tolerant views, and we ask you to reconsider your decision to
resign from our party."
Redpath noted that Trollinger apparently resigned for other reasons.
Ahmad moved to insert "irrational display of" before "vulgarity".
Alexander objected that we should not be making a statement about
someone's state of mind. Ahmad commented: "I am amazed that some
people still can't grasp the difference between expressing your own
opinion and professing to express someone else's; it is _our_ opinion
that Sullivan's vulgarity is irrational, not his." Ahmad's motion
failed on a show of hands.
Redpath moved to delete "opinions about religious people"; the motion
passed on a voice vote with Ahmad voting no. The main motion passed
on a voice vote.
16. MEMBERSHIP COMMITTEE REPORT: Allard submitted a written report
[Attachment G] and a budget proposal [Attachment H] and had a display
of membership-related material set up on the wall. She reported that
the "good as gold" mailing was very successful, and handed the coins
over to Dunbar. She noted that the renewal letters which she was
planning to have Committee members sign this weekend contained
incorrect information about Richard Shepard's election results, but
could be reprinted at a cost of about $14.
Allard moved to delete section III of Resolution 65, which provides
for contributions to be automatically treated as membership renewals.
Dasbach noted that something in the resolution needs to define "dues
are current". Ernsberger said that in the past few years a
significant portion of our renewal rate has been accounted for by such
automatic rewewal based on contributions. Other comments included: we
can still solicit such people for dues in addition to their
contribution; we should decide one way or another how we are going to
handle this and stick with it; it can be confusing for someone to give
a contribution and shortly thereafter be solicited for dues; renewing
as a member should be a conscious choice; a checkoff could be provided
on contribution forms to indicate whether it should be counted as
dues; some people want to contribute without being counted as a
member. Alexander said that a problem with the current system is that
it treats people differently based on what form they use for their
contribution and on whether they make their contribution in one chunk
or several. Walter said that a change like this would make comparison
of membership statistics less meaningful. Dehn said he would not
support this change by itself because large contributors would be
getting notices telling them they won't get LP News unless they pay
another $15. Dasbach suggested considering the package of changes
proposed by Perry Willis first, and coming back to individual changes
only if that doesn't pass.
Allard withdrew her motion and moved that we adopt the changes
contained in Willis' plan [Attachment DD].
Willis pointed out that the only standing resolution affected by his
proposal is Resolution 65; the other policy changes are ones that can
be implemented by the various committees on their own. In reply to a
question from Ernsberger, Willis said that we should be able to
improve our renewal rate and that the renewal rate should not be
seriously affected by an increase in the dues. Allard, O'Brien
[Attachment EE], and Ahmad expressed reservations about raising the
dues. (Thies also submitted written comments concerning dues levels
[Attachment I].) Redpath said that he has supported an increase to $25
for a long time, and that we need as members not just people but
"people with money and energy". There was general approval of the
concept of integrating the pledge program with premium memberships and
giving meaning to the premium memberships. In reply to a question
from Johnson, Willis said it was his intent that the new plan would go
into effect 1 February. Ernsberger warned that if this plan doesn't
work our efforts to get ready for 1992 could collapse, and suggested
putting off the change until after that election. Walter expressed
concern that a drop in membership statistics resulting from a policy
change would be badly perceived. Givot said that now, right after an
election, was the least risky time to make such a change. In response
to questions from Neale, Dunbar said that about 30% of our members are
currently at the "subscribing" level, and that some sort of increase
was called for because of postal rate increases. Dasbach and Redpath
commented that our current policy is not providing the funds necessary
for what we need to do. Ahmad said that arguments for specific
features of the plan did not justify the whole package, and that a
revenue decline was probable as a result of the dues increase. In
reply to questions from Dehn, Willis clarified that what he was
proposing was the membership schedule on pages 4-5 of his memo, plus
the provision for $10 dues payment by affiliate parties, to replace
the existing sections I-III of Resolution 65. O'Brien noted that
categories "subscribing" and above would be counted for delegate
At Ahmad's request, a roll call vote was conducted. Voting yes:
Gingell, Dehn, Fielder, Black, Alexander, Redpath, Allard, Neale,
Dasbach, Crickenberger, Givot, Kirkland; voting no: Ahmad, O'Brien,
Creager, Johnson, Walter; abstaining: Segal. The motion passed
Allard said she would work with Dehn to write up the changes in a form
of an amendment to the existing resolutions.
[The meeting was recessed at 6:19pm, and was called back to order by
Dave Walter at 9:00am on Sunday, 9 December.]
16A. APPROVAL OF PREVIOUS MINUTES, part 2: The minutes of the meeting
of 11-12 August 1990 were approved on a voice vote.
16B. MEMBERSHIP COMMITTEE REPORT, part 2: Allard moved to suspend the
rules to approve wording of changes to Resolution 65 reflecting the
plan adopted yesterday; there was no objection.
Allard moved that Resolution 65 be amended as follows:
I. MEMBERSHIP CATEGORIES. The membership categories of the Party
shall be as follows:
Obligation: sign the certification statement.
Benefits: membership packet, card, two issues of LP News, year end
report, and delegate eligibility.
Obligation: certification statement, plus $25 per year.
Benefits: same as Basic Member plus LP News subscription and
counts as current member toward affiliate's delegate
Obligation: certification statement and $10 per month credit card
or EFT pledge, or a one time $100 contribution, or $100 in
cumulative contributions in a twelve month period.
Benefits: same as Subscribing Member, plus Liberty Pledge News.
Obligation: certification statement and $25 per month credit card
or EFT pledge, or a one time $250 contribution, or $250 in
cumulative contributions in a twelve month period.
Benefits: same as Sustaining Member, plus the benefits of the Vice
Obligation: certification statement and $50 per month credit card
or EFT pledge, or a one time $500 contribution, or $500 in
cumulative contributions in a twelve month period.
Benefits: same as Sponsor, plus the benefits of the President's
LIFE BENEFACTOR --
Obligation: certification statement and $100 per month credit card
or EFT pledge, or a one time $1000 contribution, or $1000 in
cumulative contributions in a twelve month period.
Benefits: same as Patron, plus life membership and the benefits of
the Torch Club.
II. NATIONAL DUES REDUCTION. An affiliate party may obtain a
national subscribing membership or LP News subscription for $10.
If the affiliate organization agrees, this can be done through a
local LP organization.
III. MEMBERSHIP COMMITTEE ...
IV. MEMBERSHIP FORMS IN LP NEWS ...
V. MEMBERSHIP REPORTS ...
VI. MEMBERSHIP PACKET ...
VII. MEMBERSHIP CARDS ...
VIII. ARCHIVING ...
Thies, noting that a person may be eligible to be a delegate by being
a member of an affiliate party, moved to delete "and delegate
eligibility" from the description of basic member benefits; the motion
passed on a voice vote.
Dehn moved to delete "or a one time $X contribution" from each of the
premium levels, on the basis that such a contribution would already be
counted under the provision for cumulative contributions of the same
amount; the motion passed on a voice vote.
Givot suggested that a 60% discount for state parties was too much,
and said just LP News and processing costs would account for $10.
Black moved to insert "for an individual" before "for $10" in section
II; there was no objection.
Givot moved to amend the amount paid by state parties to be $20.
Dasbach said that the main objection from state chairs to a dues
increase was that the combination of state and national dues would be
too much; Crickenberger observed that even at $10 we would be getting
more for memberships from state parties than currently.
Ahmad moved to substitute that the Basic dues be changed to $20,
saying that the jump from $15 to $25 was too great. Neale said it
would cause less trouble to have one $10 increase than two $5
Ahmad's motion to substitute passed 8 to 7. The substituted motion (to
make the Basic dues be $20) failed 8 to 8. The main motion (to amend
Resolution 65) passed on a voice vote.
17. PROGRAM COMMITTEE REPORT: Givot presented proposed planks on "The
Savings and Loan Fiasco" and "The Right to Keep and Bear Arms" and a
letter from a member concerning the "Environment" plank [Attachment
J]. He reported that Tonie Nathan was working on a plank concerning
Givot moved approval of the savings and loan plank, with several
modifications in wording [Attachment KK]; he explained that he was
asking just for an approval of the text, with a decision about whether
to actually replace some existing plank to be made later. After a
brief discussion, the motion passed on a voice vote.
Givot moved approval of the right to keep and bear arms plank, with
several modifications in wording [Attachment LL]. After a brief
discussion, the motion passed on a voice vote.
Givot asked for comment from the Committee on whether we should keep
the Environment plank in the Program, suggesting that even though it
is a popular issue it is one where our position is not easy to market.
The general reaction was to keep what we have for now even though it
is not entirely satisfactory, and to invite those who object to it to
propose an alternative.
Givot moved to drop the AIDS and Immigration planks from the Program,
explaining that he would have proposals for integrating the AIDS topic
into the Health Care plank and the immigration topic into the Free
Trade plank at the April meeting. Ahmad moved to divide the question;
there was no objection.
The motion to drop the AIDS plank passed on a voice vote.
After some discussion of whether it was really necessary to include a
plank on the right to keep and bear arms in the Program at this point,
given that the text lacks any specific interim steps and that we
already have a brochure on the subject, the motion to drop the
Immigration plank failed on a voice vote.
Givot moved to insert the savings and loan plank; the motion passed on
a voice vote.
18. OUTREACH COMMITTEE REPORT: Black submitted a written report
[Attachment K]. She reported that there are people who are willing to
work on advertising even if we don't have a large budget for it; they
are willing to work on print and radio as well as TV.
She recommended against participation in the "Third Continental
Congress" because we have other things to work on. Other members of
the Committee suggested that we tell them that we are interested in
finding out more but that we cannot commit our members to the project.
She also recommended against involvement in the "Coalition Against
Child Abuse", which appears to be concerned with Canadian divorce and
child custody laws.
Black moved to amend Resolution 187 to read:
An Outreach Committee is created under the "General
Guidelines for Action Committees" to develop and implement
a program to educate the general public about libertarian
ideas and to persuade individuals to join the party. The
program should include both electoral and non-electoral
public relations activities. The committee shall be
responsible for development and distribution of appropriate
literature. In targeting groups, the committee shall
consider minorities and campus populations.
The motion passed on a voice vote.
In response to a question from Fielder, Black said that she would like
to have money next year for developing additional literature, running
print ads, participating in conferences, and revising Liberty Today.
She said that if the Bill of Rights project is adopted we will need
additional literature and probably radio ads. Money for national TV
ads would be great but not something that seems practical to ask for.
Ernsberger said he wanted $8000 for college outreach and $5000 seed
money for the Bill of Rights project. He said that outreach in 1990
had not been aggressive, but that this was not due to budget cuts;
there was a lack of activity by the Outreach Committee or lack of
interest on the part of affiliate parties and the budget was cut to
reflect that. Black responded that budget constraints did cause her
to defer work, and that she stopped working on developing new
brochures because the last one she produced, on The Free Market, was
not printed for lack of funds.
Ernsberger outlined plans for a Bill of Rights project, starting with
a campus outreach effort and a fundraising letter to expired members.
In response to a question from Walter, he said that he expected the
project to be profitable. In response to questions from Gingell, he
said that contributions were being solicited in the name of the
"Committee for the Bill of Rights" but that the letter did not promise
that the money would be spent exclusively on one project. In response
to questions from Givot, he said that he could not say for sure how
many people actually join as members from this kind of project; Walter
said that we benefit when we can get non-members to fund our projects.
19. CONVENTION OVERSIGHT COMMITTEE REPORT: Neale submitted a written
report [Attachment FF]. He said that LEI has provided a tentative
schedule [Attachment L] and has no major problems to report. He has
informed them that the schedule has the pre-convention LNC meeting on
the wrong day, and that a Bylaws Committee meeting and post-convention
LNC meeting need to be provided for. LEI has suggested that the LNC
meeting be on Monday rather than Sunday night, so as not to conflict
with our "Diehard Dinner" fundraising event. He said he told LEI that
the presidential banquet should be prime rib if we expect to raise
lots of money; Segal suggested that there be a pasta alternative for
There was a discussion of the starting time for convention business,
which is shown as 11:00am in the schedule. An earlier time would
allow for more business but, if it means that another event cannot be
held in the same room immediately before, could make it more difficult
to start on time and to get C-SPAN coverage of the business session.
Thies moved that business begin at 10:30am. After a straw poll
indicated that more people supported starting at 11, O'Brien moved to
substitute 11. After further discussion, Neale said he would inform
LEI that we want to be flexible and not commit to a starting time
until arrangements are made with C-SPAN. O'Brien and Thies withdrew
Neale reported that LEI wants us to buy a program for making name
badges and rent it to them; his recommendation is that we not get into
the program rental business.
20. 1993 CONVENTION PROPOSALS: Neale noted that bids had been received
for two locations: San Diego (letter [Attachment M]) and Salt Lake
City [Attachment N].
Neale moved to accept Salt Lake City as the site of the 1993
convention. He said both have adequate resources to put on a
convention, but that he favored Salt Lake City because: (1) San Diego
is more of a media center and thus more appropriate for a presidential
year, and (2) we should offer a less expensive location in the
non-presidential year. He said Pat Wright should be invited to submit
a bid for next time.
O'Brien said he favored San Diego because the larger population in the
area would result in greater attendance and that it was cheaper to fly
to California than to Utah. Dasbach said he favored Salt Lake City
because Bob Waldrop promised to set a new standard for convention
The motion to accept Salt Lake City passed on a voice vote.
Dasbach moved to invite Pat Wright to submit a bid for the next
convention. Thies moved to substitute that we thank Wright for
submitting a proposal and motivating a response from the winning
bidder. The motion to substitute and the main motion passed without
[The meeting was recessed at 11:25am and was called back to order by
Dave Walter at 11:43am.]
21. 1996 CONVENTION: Givot submitted a written report [Attachment O]
on holding a convention in 1996 rather than 1995. Advantages of doing
this include expanding the window for candidates who wish to seek
matching funds and placing our nominating process during a period when
people are thinking about it. He said we need to make this decision
now so that we will have legal standing to challenge the laws which
set early petition deadlines.
Givot moved: (1) that the 1996 Presidential Nominating Convention of
the Libertarian Party shall be held in the month of June, 1996, and
(2) that bids from prospective organizers of that convention shall be
reviewed by the National Committee between August, 1991, and December,
Redpath said he thought that Richard Winger overrates the ability of
the LP to do petitioning, so more states will be in danger of losing
ballot status than Winger suggests in his report. Various people
pointed out that it would be possible to switch back to 1995 if legal
efforts proved unsuccessful, but Givot said it was important to make a
commitment now or the legal work would have no basis.
Other reasons cited for attempting to go to an even year included:
providing more of a chance to see potential candidates in action
before making the nomination; pushing more states into allowing us to
get on the ballot by a party petition rather than one with a
candidate's name, which might help us qualify for other races; opening
up the possibility of other improvements in ballot access laws;
maintaining the interest of supporters of all candidates through more
of the petitioning process; and getting the interest of the media in
the election year.
The motion passed on a voice vote.
22. RUSSIAN LIBERTARIANS (see item 11A)
23. MEDIA RELATIONS COMMITTEE REPORT: Johnson reported that Tonie
Nathan's contract had been shortened by several weeks because of
budget problems. Nathan provide a written report [Attachment P].
Johnson moved to adopt a resolution thanking her for her work
[Attachment MM]; the motion passed on a voice vote.
Allard reported that Nathan will be finishing up the task of entering
information on her media contacts into her computer; Walter said the
file should be turned over to Johnson if Nathan is not hired to
continue the work.
Johnson reported that Nathan wanted to be reimbursed for some
additional expenses, but that he did not think this was appropriate
because she went beyond her budget, was told that additional money was
not likely to be available, and did not seek approval for projects.
Dasbach said that we should reimburse her for those expenses
specifically resulting from followup of the election, as opposed to
new projects. Johnson noted that there is an 800 number which we will
have to move somewhere if Nathan does not continue with media work.
Johnson said that almost any budget for media relations could be
justified, and noted that this was an area of spending most approved
of by activists. He said that interest had been expressed in doing
media work by Nathan, MKR Associates, Jim McClarin, and Joe Knight,
but that the proposals did not really say what they would do, except
for Nathan who has defined the current position. In response to a
question from Ernsberger, he said that the highest priority should be
given to responding to inquiries, second to thanking media people for
good coverage and maintaining a list of favorable contacts, and third
to sending out news releases. Dasbach said that lining up people for
talk shows is a cost-effective activity.
23A. BALLOT ACCESS COMMITTEE REPORT: Redpath moved to consider ballot
access at this time; there was no objection.
He provided a written report [Attachment GG] outlining the status of
all the states, and noted two changes: Utah now has ballot status, and
petitioning in Oklahoma can start as soon as we know our candidates.
He said gross fundraising requirements will total about $400,000, of
which about $130,000 would be needed during 1991.
He said that telemarketing efforts had been pushed back by the poor
response to the Paul Jacob fundraising letter, but that the
approximately $6,000 BAF balance resulted primarily from
telemarketing. He said he expected fundraising for ballot access from
now on to be the responsibility of the Finance Committee.
Ahmad noted that some additional help might be needed for Maryland.
24. FINANCE COMMITTEE REPORT: Alexander presented a written report
[Attachment HH]. He said that the trends for this year have been bad,
but noted a recent peak in contributions when fundraising for ballot
access and for Campaign '90 are counted. He expressed hope that the
new membership and pledge structure would allow us to better cover
overhead, making possible more effective fundraising for other
projects; he noted that "overhead" is not bad, and actually includes
many of the things that members expect us to be doing. He said he
would be trying harder on making the pledge program succeed, would be
working immediately on the Torch Club, and was working with the
Convention Oversight Committee on planning fundraising activities at
There was a general discussion of what our fundraising problems are
and what can be done to solve them. Walter noted that we have more
contributors than before but each is giving less. Ernsberger provided
statistics on the performance of recent letters, suggested that to
turn the pledge program around would require a contractor working
specifically on that, and criticized recent fundraising efforts as
"not aggressive". Other comments included: we need to consider
separately "outreach" vs. "fundraising" mailings; we should be more
conservative in our revenue projections; some forms of fundraising
work better for certain projects, e.g., telemarketing is most
successful when applied for ballot access or TV ads; we need to do
better at asking for larger amounts.
24A. BUDGET COMMITTEE REPORT: Fielder presented a written report
[Attachment II], outlining projected revenue and projected cost of
headquarters operation and LP News, and proposing ways to spend the
balance, based on requests from various committees.
There was a general discussion of the validity of the revenue
projections, with various people expressing concern about the effect
of changes in membership/pledge policy, the effect of integrating BAC
fundraising with the rest of our operations, and the accuracy of
projections for particular categories of revenue. Fielder said he had
taken a "generalized conservative optimistic approach", and cautioned
that attempts to increase the accuracy of isolated line items would
not necessarily improve the accuracy of the total.
Gingell moved to adopt the Headquarters Fundraising numbers in column
C on page 2 of Fielder's proposed budget.
Walter moved to amend the Liberty Pledge figures to $120,000 gross,
$30,000 cost, $90,000 net. Redpath moved to substitute $100,000,
$15,000, $85,000. Various people argued against these changes on the
basis that they involved a greater percentage of cost than in the
original proposal, that the original numbers already represented an
increase over this year, and that achieving such results for the year
as a whole would require unlikely improvements in the short term.
The motion to substitute Redpath's numbers for Walter's numbers passed
on a voice vote. After some further discussion of the difficulty of
achieving incremental improvements in this area, the motion to change
the numbers in the budget proposal failed on a voice vote.
Walter moved to amend the Dues via Affiliates figures to $75,000
gross, $45,000 cost, $30,000 net, to account for the new dues policy
and the increased incentive for dues payment through state parties.
Several people argued that the discount to state parties should not
show as a "cost" on our books, since we never see the money and the
states are not required to charge any particular amount.
O'Brien moved to substitute $20,000 gross, $0 cost, $20,000 net.
Ahmad moved to divide the question, considering the question of "cost"
separately from increasing the net amount to $30,000; there was no
objection. The motion to treat gross and net as equal in this
category passed by a vote of 9 to 4.
Givot moved to amend the remaining portion of the motion, which would
increase net dues via affiliates to $30,000, to also reduce direct
mail renewal gross and net by $6,600, arguing that if more people are
going to renew through state parties fewer will do so directly. The
amendment passed on a voice vote.
The motion to apply these changes to the proposed budget failed on a
Ahmad moved to reduce the figures for Direct Mail In House to $100,000
gross, $44,000 cost, $56,000 net, arguing that the dues increase would
mean a decrease in other contributions. The motion failed on a voice
The main motion to adopt page 2 passed on a voice vote. Ahmad noted
that he would have proposed other changes but it was obvious that they
would not have passed.
Walter moved to adopt the remaining revenue figures, as listed in
column C on page 4, with the exception that convention revenue figures
be $20,000 gross, $2,000 cost, $18,000 net. Ahmad moved to amend the
convention figures to be $11,000/$1,000/$10,000 as in the report.
After some discussion of the difficulty in projecting banquet
fundraising performance and the desirability of leaving the total net
unchanged, Ahmad's amendment passed on a voice vote. The main motion
to adopt page 4 passed on a voice vote.
After Fielder outlined some reshuffling of headquarters expense
categories since last year, Givot moved to adopt the expense figures
in column C on page 6. In response to questions from various members
of the Committee, Dunbar explained the changes from 1990 in various
figures. The motion to adopt page 6 passed on a voice vote.
Crickenberger moved to adopt the Management Expense figures in the
third column on page 8. Givot moved to add a line for legal costs,
not to include legal fees, of $5,000, saying that this would allow the
Executive Committee to take advantage of offers of pro bono
representation. There was discussion of whether this would require
cutting out something else, and whether the normal authority of the
Chair to spend $1,000 was enough to cover this kind of thing. Dasbach
moved to substitute $2,000 for $5,000. The motion to substitute
$2,000 passed on a voice vote. The motion to add the legal cost line
passed on a voice vote. The main motion to adopt the Management
Expense section passed on a voice vote.
Fielder moved to adopt the Affiliate Parties Services figures in the
third column on page 8. Gingell moved to replace those figures with
committee expenses 12,500
Campaign '91/'92 8,000
She explained that this was a significant cut from 1990, but allowed
for more staff assistance in the campaign area; the contract work
would be part time and these figures would not include media work.
Ahmad moved to substitute $3,000 for the Campaign category; the motion
passed on a voice vote.
In response to a question from Thies, Gingell said that reducing
contractor expense to $3,000 would mean no money for an administrative
contractor. Thies moved to substitute $6,000 for the contractor
category; the motion failed on a voice vote.
Laura Stewart was permitted to speak on the importance of funds for
campaign research; Dasbach responded that we should wait until April
to allocate funds for that since we don't have the money now to spend.
The motion to replace the original numbers by Gingell's numbers as
amended passed on a voice vote. The main motion to adopt the Affiliate
Parties section passed on a voice vote.
Walter moved to adopt the Membership Services section as on page 8 but
with LP News being $67,500 rather than $70,000. Dasbach moved to
amend the LP News amount to $70,000, saying that he wanted to be sure
that there would be enough pages to include campaign information and
that having a 12 page issue every month starting in March will be
something we can show to members as improved service. O'Brien said
that since his committee has no budget of his own, he also will be
relying on an enlarged LP News to get information to members. Others
expressed concern about increasing this category in light of the lack
of reserves. The motion to increase LP News to $70,000 passed on a
vote of 9 to 5. The main motion to adopt the Membership Services
section passed on a voice vote.
Johnson moved to adopt the Outreach figures in column A on page 8.
Johnson then moved to increase the Media Relations amount from $5,000
to $10,000 to allow for the contract work no longer covered under the
Affiliate Parties section. O'Brien moved to substitute that the Media
Relations line be increased to $10,000 and the CEDV line be reduced to
zero. There was a discussion of whether we had made a commitment to
spend any particular amount of money generally fighting the War on
Drugs or specifically on CEDV.
At Ahmad's request, a roll call vote was conducted on O'Brien's
motion. Voting yes: Gingell, Dehn, Fielder, Ahmad, Segal, Allard,
O'Brien, Dasbach, Crickenberger, Kirkland, Johnson; voting no: Thies;
abstaining: Neale. The motion passed 11:1:1.
Fielder said he was disturbed that we had budgeted lots of money for
outreach in 1990 and it didn't get used, and that we were allocating a
large amount of our discretionary funds the same way this year with
the same Outreach chair. He suggested that the money would be better
spent on trying to get a few specific projects done. Walter said that
Black had offered to resign if somebody else wanted to do the job.
Dasbach moved to set the Outreach Committee Other Projects line to
zero; the motion passed on a voice vote.
The main motion to adopt the Outreach section passed on a voice vote.
Walter moved to adopt a capital budget as follows:
comprehensive software package 6,000
furniture and fixtures 3,000
leasehold improvements 3,000
computer hardware 2,000
Dunbar explained that the software budget was for a package that he
might want to buy, but that he hadn't yet gone over it with John
Famularo; that the furniture, fixtures, and leasehold improvements
were for fixing up the office on which we just signed a 3 year lease;
and the hardware budget was to cover the expected failure of a
computer due to airborne particulates. Dunbar said that the software
expenditure was not certain; Ahmad moved to delete it; there was no
objection. After a brief discussion of how the leasehold improvements
figure was arrived at, Ahmad moved to increase it to $4,000; the
motion passed on a voice vote. The main motion to adopt the capital
budget passed on a voice vote.
25. BALLOT ACCESS COMMITTEE REPORT (see item 23A)
26. INTERNAL EDUCATION COMMITTEE REPORT: O'Brien submitted a written
report [Attachment JJ] and highlighted various projects including:
developing material to be published in LP News; preparation of
material for local activists; his Libertarian MBA manual; a leadership
training program he is working on with Janet Parkes.
27. ADVERTISING/PUBLICATIONS REVIEW COMMITTEE REPORT: Ahmad said the
APRC had received some items from the Outreach Committee but there
were no problems with them.
28. LP NEWS REPORT: Langhenry thanked various members of the Committee
for their help and encouraged everyone to send in material from their
local areas. Walter suggested there should be more material on current
events rather than just LP activities. In response to a question from
Ahmad, Langhenry said he would probably be printing the new Program
plank we just passed; he would be willing to run the whole Program
again if we want but would prefer to do it a plank at a time. In
reponse to a question from Thies, he said that he sometimes has had to
turn down large articles about activities in some states. In response
to a question from Alexander, he said that he was not supporting any
particular presidential candidate and would give them coverage based
on what they do.
29. LEGAL ACTION COMMITTEE REPORT: Walter said that to the extent we
need legal help he has been relying on David Bergland and Bill Hall.
He said he would include in his column in the LP News a request for
lawyers to do pro bono work.
30. AUDITOR'S REPORT: Thies submitted a written report [Attachment Q]
which said that there were no financial statements for him to audit.
He said that he would schedule an audit of the year end statements
before our next meeting.
There was a discussion of how and when we should respond to Marrou's
offer to let us audit his campaign finances. Dehn moved to appoint
Thies to be our auditor of the Marrou for President Campaign. In
response to a question from Segal, Thies said that if other candidates
made a similar offer we would establish criteria for when to start
auditing them, based on something like the amount of money raised.
The motion to appoint Thies passed on a voice vote.
31. BUDGET COMMITTEE REPORT (see item 24A)
32. CONCLUDING BUSINESS: Segal noted that the individual from New York
who had been allocated time to speak at the end of the meeting was no
In response to a question from Ahmad, Dehn said he expected to have
the minutes of this meeting prepared in compliance with the deadline
set by resolution.
Marla Bottemiller thanked the Committee for giving her the opportunity
to work as Field Coordinator.
In response to a question from Walter, Crickenberger said that the
hotel for the next meeting had not been decided yet.
Walter noted that after consultation with Gingell he had decided that
the Party should not sign on as friend of the court in the Rainbow
Lobby's case against the Commission on Presidential Debates, since it
appeared to be an attempt to take away somebody's tax exemption.
Kirkland reported that as our representative to the Coalition for Free
and Open Elections she had voted to allow the Populist Party to join;
the Greens were the only other group voting yes. Thies noted that the
New Alliance Party voted no.
Ahmad moved to adjourn; the motion passed on a voice vote.
The meeting was adjourned at 4:00 pm.
Joseph W. Dehn III
[Attachments distributed prior to the meeting]
A. Vice Chair's Report
B. Management Committee Report
C. Affiliate Parties Committee Report
D. Affiliate Campaigns Subcommittee Report
E. Region 3 Report
F. Region 5 Report
G. Membership Committee Report
H. Membership Committee Budget Request
I. Thies Memo on Dues Levels
J. Program Committee Report
K. Outreach Committee Report
L. LEI Report
M. San Diego Convention Bid Letter
N. Salt Lake City Convention Bid Material
O. Report on Holding Convention in 1996
P. Media Relations Director Report
Q. Auditor's Report
[Attachments distributed at the meeting]
R. Treasurer's Report
S. Marrou Pledge on Matching Funds / TV Ads
T. Marrou Pledge on Ownership of Names
U. Marrou Pledge on Auditing
V. Headquarters Operations Audit
W. APC Contract Proposal Summaries
X. Analysis of 1992 Congressional Races
Y. Region 1 Report
Z. Region 2 Report
AA. Region 4 Report
BB. Region 6 Report
CC. Region 8 Report
DD. Perry Willis Membership/Finance Proposal
EE. O'Brien Comments on Dues Levels
FF. Convention Oversight Committee Report
GG. Ballot Access Committee Report
HH. Finance Committee Report
II. Budget Committee Report
JJ. Internal Education Committee Report
[Attachments not previously distributed]
KK. Program Plank Text: Savings and Loan Fiasco
LL. Program Plank Text: Right to Keep and Bear Arms
MM. Resolution Thanking Tonie Nathan
NN. Budget as Adopted